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Whining About First World Problems

“I have too much money in my wallet and it hurts my butt when I sit.”-A Twitter post, author unknown

First world problem is a slang term that refers to issues in First World nations that people are complaining about only because of the absence of more pressing concerns. The term was added to the Oxford Online Dictionary in November 2012. Initially, reviewing a list of some of these First World problems is humorous. Here’s a few:images
⦁ “There’s no room in the refrigerator for these leftovers.”
⦁ “My TV doesn’t have HD.”
⦁ “I just spent $200 on groceries and don’t feel like eating any of it.”
⦁ “My car is in the shop, so I have to drive my truck to work.”
⦁ “I ordered a large latte at Starbucks and the idiot gave me a medium.”
⦁ “I have lost so much weight I need to buy new clothes.”
⦁ “I dropped my iPhone, it landed on my iPad and cracked it.”
⦁ “I left my jacket in the car.”
⦁ “I can’t find the remote!!!!!”

In 1943, psychologist Abraham Maslow proposed in “A Theory of Human Motivation,” a model for basic human needs. His theory is that people are motivated, first and foremost, to satisfy fundamental survival needs, then safety needs, followed by the need for connection and affiliation, the need for self-esteem, and then have a possibility of developing their fullest human potential. His model is often depicted as a pyramid, prioritizing these needs from bottom to top:


If we are brutally honest with ourselves, I’m sure we’ll all find that we engage in this complaining about First World problems quite frequently. There’s virtually no way around it, we all do it from time to time. It would seem that in the 21st century, man has developed a basic need to complain. Complaining makes us feel significant and important in a world that has great capacity to make us feel the exact opposite. While it’s fairly normal to complain now and again, too much complaining can have a deleterious effect on ones mental health. We live in a culture where whining about First World problems has become so common that we don’t even notice it. Think about it for moment, two of the biggest health problems in the United States today are weight problems and diseases caused by a sedentary lifestyle.

The reality is that those of us who live in the first world complain more than any time in human history. We have the luxury to do so because we are not spending our day trying to satisfy that first level of Maslow’s hierarchy. Our time is freed up to be bored, disempowered, and creative in our ability to find things to complain about. And, in the absence of real problems, we find insignificant things to complain about to create a sense of self-importance. Complaining about things that we cannot solve, or will not solve, leads to a personality style that lacks the ability to take responsibility for one’s actions, creating a sense of learned helplessness.

Prioritizing what we complain about is the first step in coping with this modern tendency. If it’s something that cannot be solved, then acceptance is the answer. If the problem can’t be solved, then complaining and whining is useless and unhealthy. If it is something that can be resolved, then taking action, even if you fail, is empowering and far more emotionally healthy. People who take action steps to resolve problems in their lives tend to take more responsibility for their feelings, as well as their actions, creating better self-esteem, resiliency, and mental health.

Next time you find yourself perseverating about some injustice that the world has done to you, ask yourself some important questions:
⦁ “Can something be done to resolve this?”
⦁ “Can I do something about this?”
⦁ “Do I really need to do something about this?”
⦁ “Is this a First World problem?”

Developing an awareness of the things that you complain about and deciding how much energy you NO_WHINING_ZONE_1_500expend on these things is a healthy way to develop self-esteem. Maslow considered self-esteem to be one of the highest levels of human achievement. You’re not going to get there complaining about First World problems.

“To the man who only has a hammer, everything he encounters begins to look like a nail.”-Abraham Maslow



P. S. Contact me if interested in online mindbody coaching or cognitive behavioral therapy. Please check out my author’s page at amazon.com/author/johnsannicandro or using the Amazon link on this page. Follow me on Facebook, Twitter, and social media. Email me at john@mindbodycoach.org.

A Sober Solution To Managing Anger

The word sober has a lot of different meanings and connotations. An obvious meaning is to be free from indexthe influence of a psychoactive substance, such as drugs or alcohol. Another meaning is to be serious and thoughtful. There are a multitude of different acronyms that use the word sober as a reminder for something. (My favorite is SOBER-son of a bitch, everything’s real!, borrowed from Alcoholics Anonymous.) One does not have to be an alcoholic, substance abuser, or under the influence of a substance in order to benefit from the sober acronym.

In moments of intense anger and emotion, our rational, logical, brain shuts down and we become influenced by an intense burst of brain chemicals that lead to an angry, often embarrassing outburst that he later regret. I’m sure we all can identify events in our lives when we overreacted, got angry, and later regretted it. We probably acted on limited information, going with the intense emotion, before we had all the information that we needed to make a more rational choice. In that moment of emotional intensity we might as well have been under the influence of a substance. The fact is that in times of emotional reactivity our brains get taken over by a chemical stew that is influenced by our past experience and preconceived notions. Someone acting out in anger is, in that moment of irrational thought and behavior, is as impaired in judgment as any drunk or drug addict. Outbursts of anger trigger the release of the stress hormones cortisol and adrenaline, which if not managed can lead to a host of physical and emotional problems. (See also http://mindbodycoach.org/?p=1379)

reptilianbrainThere is research that suggests that repeated and episodic outbursts of anger create changes in the brain on a cellular level. It changes the brain’s neurons, making it difficult for them to switch on and off appropriately, effectively getting them stuck in an “on” position when facing things that trigger anger. A person becomes addicted to the flood of brain chemicals that they create when confronted with their anger triggers. This compels a person to act out angrily over and over again, as they become addicted to their own negative brain chemistry. Over time, such stress blocks the growth of new neurons that would otherwise make coping with these triggers more likely. Anger responses can literally become an addiction.

To break this destructive pattern of anger as addiction, we’re going to use the acronym SOBER as a way to retrain the brain to learn better ways of coping. (For more on how to identify anger triggers see http://mindbodycoach.org/?p=477) The acronym is simple. Here’s the steps:
⦁ S = Stop immediately, and as soon as you are aware that you are you are about to enter a triggering situation. The first step in managing anger is to become aware of what your hot buttons are and how you typically respond to them. What do you typically say to yourself during these times? How does your body responds at these times? What physical gestures do you make when becoming angry? What things do you say, swears do you use, expressions and so on? People run the same patterns over and over again in the brain when they are becoming angry, so we tend to think, do, and say the same things at these times. STOP as soon as you recognize one of your patterns beginning.
⦁ O = Observe what’s going on, both internally and externally. Ask yourself the important questions: Is this one of my trigger events? What am I saying to myself? What’s my internal dialogue right now? What am I feeling physically at the moment? Where am I holding physical tension? Become aware of physiological sensations, such as the way you are breathing, carrying tension in your muscles, and the volume and tone of your voice. Remember, it’s virtually impossible to change something that you do not notice.
⦁ B = Breathe. Take some deep breaths and slowly exhale. If possible, notice that you are doing it. Notice yourself breathing, and bringing that response under control. Regulated, controlled, aware breathing is by far the best thing one can do to bring physiological responses under control. Controlled breathing brings your parasympathetic nervous system into play, allowing you to slow down your physiological responses. This allows your thoughts to slow and prepare you for more rational thought. There is a reason that pregnant women are taught those breathing techniques.
⦁ E = Expand your view and your interpretation of what’s going on. Start from the inside and work outward by getting your breathing under control first. Then, begin to examine your own thoughts and internal dialogue. Ask yourself some more rational questions. Is there another explanation for this? Did they do that on purpose? Am I overreacting? Could I be wrong? Am I missing something? These are initial questions that you must consider. Consider what the various responses you may make at this time could lead to. You may remember times that you acted poorly in similar situations and later regretted it. This will enable you to learn from that past, negative experience. Consider choices that you will be comfortable with.
⦁ R = Respond. Choose a course of action that is consistent with your personal values and is appropriate to the situation at hand. By no means should having anger management skills make you a doormat for the world. We’re not trying to turn you into St. Francis here, we are trying to get you to slow down, get your physiology under control, and respond appropriately to the situation in a way that you can feel good about.

This process does take a little time, but is simple to implement into your everyday life. Once you imagesmemorize the acronym, look to find ways to implement it immediately. This is a skill that you can develop with some conscientious effort. The benefits are that it can improve your relationships, work performance, self image, and your emotional and physical health. The sobering facts are that people who are prone to anger suffer from greater instances of heart disease, high blood pressure, muscle tension, elevated cholesterol, are more prone to being overweight, and die earlier. Using the skills outlined here you will learn that anger is not instinctive, but is a choice. You can get it under control.

“The greatest remedy for anger is delay.”- Thomas Paine



P. S. Contact me if interested in online mindbody coaching or cognitive behavioral therapy. Please check out my author’s page at amazon.com/author/johnsannicandro or using the Amazon link on this page. Follow me on Facebook, Twitter, and social media. Email me at john@mindbodycoach.org.

Zen And The Art Of Context

“The finger pointing at the moon is not the moon.”-Unknown

This simple expression, commonly quoted from Zen philosophy, is a metaphor describing how most of indexus think. It points out a characteristic of human thought that often gets us into trouble and sometimes leads people to seek psychotherapy. I’ve been a psychotherapist for 17 years and can’t help but notice how frequently misunderstanding the basic meaning of this parable brings people into treatment. The entire parable goes as follows:
“Truth has nothing to do with words. Truth can be likened to the bright moon in the sky. Words, in this case, can be likened to a finger. The finger can point to the moon’s location. However, the finger is not the moon. To look at the moon, it is necessary to gaze beyond the finger, right?”

In all branches of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, the basic premise is that the way we think about life events and interpret those events determines the quality of our life experiences. CBT challenges one to adopt a wide lens angle on the events of our lives. Seeing the bigger picture can lead to introspective reflection and a different interpretation in meaning. A disproportionately large amount of people who enter psychotherapy do so because they are struggling with the meanings that they attach to events which happened in their lives. Life throws thousands of things at us every day. Fortunately, for us, most are pretty simple and we can make sense of them. The beauty of this dynamic is that the longer we live, the more events we process, and the better we get at making sense of what goes on in our world. We learn to attach meaning to these events that are consistent with our values and our world view. Occasionally, something will happen in the lives of everyone that they struggle to interpret.

I often tell my clients that, “The meaning of events is more important than the events themselves.” Often, the therapeutic challenge is to allow time to process what has brought them into therapy. A wait and see attitude is often helpful and is illustrated in the following Zen tale:
4951752980_55a3e5c454_zOnce upon a time there was an old farmer who had worked his crops for many years. One day his horse ran away. Upon hearing the news, his neighbors came to visit. “Such bad luck,” they said sympathetically.
“Maybe,” the farmer replied.
The next morning the horse returned, bringing with it three other wild horses. “How wonderful,” the neighbors exclaimed.
“Maybe,” replied the old man.
The following day, his son tried to ride one of the untamed horses, was thrown, and broke his leg. The neighbors again came to offer their sympathy on his misfortune.
“Maybe,” answered the farmer.
The day after, military officials came to the village to draft young men into the army. Seeing that the son’s leg was broken, they passed him by. The neighbors congratulated the farmer on how well things had turned out.
“Maybe,” said the farmer.

All of us have to decide what things happening in our world mean to us. Common, every day, events can mean different things to different people. Sometimes, they can even mean different things to us. For bliz78_janexample, something as simple as rain means different things to us at different times. During that July heat wave, that cloudburst is a thing of joy, that cold rain three days in a row in November? Not so much. That first coating of snow in early December is “beautiful,” those 3 feet in late January “suck.” Why the difference? And, why does that become a story that makes you smile the following Fourth of July? The context in which an event occurs can completely change its meaning. One man’s terrorist is another man’s freedom fighter. One man’s war criminal is another man’s national hero. What makes the actions of the person different is interpretation and context.

When life throws surprises at us, it challenges us to make a decision whether we are aware of it or not. Asking yourself the question, “What does this mean to me?,” is a good starting point for more rational decision-making and logical thoughts.

“Forces beyond your control can take away everything you possess except one thing, your freedom to choose how you will respond to the situation.”
― Viktor E. Frankl


P. S. Contact me if interested in online mindbody coaching or cognitive behavioral therapy. Please check out my author’s page at amazon.com/author/johnsannicandro or using the Amazon link on this page. Follow me on Facebook, Twitter, and social media. Email me at john@mindbodycoach.org.

This Is Your Life On Cortisol

If you are reading this article, then it is a guarantee that you are quite aware of the impact that cortisol has on your life. You are at a computer, which means you probably have Internet access, a job to pay for indexit, a decent lifestyle, and more than likely, a lot of obligations, deadlines to meet, and a host of things that are out of your control. You know what “stressed out” feels like. Some of us even take a type of perverse pride in our stress, believing that it makes us more important and that it is evidence of our productivity. Some of us may even brag about how we put in “60+ hours per week” at our job, “Can get by on less than six hours of sleep per night,” or are involved in the three extra curricular activities that each of our children have.” While, no doubt, some of this frenetic level of activity may be necessary, there is a cost that we all need to be aware of and need to decide if we are willing to pay it.

Cortisol is a steroid hormone produced by our adrenal glands. Like a lot of bodily functions that work beneath our conscious level of awareness, it only gets noticed when it is out of balance. Cortisol is necessary for proper functioning and survival:
⦁ Cortisol helps balance the effect of insulin, keeping blood sugar at the correct levels
⦁ Cortisol helps the body regulate and function during times of stress
⦁ Cortisol assists in the regulation of blood pressure
⦁ Cortisol helps in the regulation of the immune system

From an evolutionary standpoint, cortisol exists in order to wake you up in the morning, adapt more effectively to life-threatening danger, and cope with sudden emergencies. A sudden spike in cortisol gives the human body potentially superhuman capabilities. We are literally faster and stronger under the influence of cortisol. Unfortunately, 21st century life does not give us many opportunities to appropriately exercise this kind of power surge. In fact, excess levels of cortisol in your body can have a deleterious negative effect, called Cushing’s Syndrome, which often leads to:
⦁ Mood swings, depression, and irritability
⦁ Digestive problems
⦁ Heart disease and high blood pressure
⦁ Sleep disturbance
⦁ Weight gain
⦁ Premature aging

If this were a commercial, this would be the point where the voiceover says, “If you suffer from any of these side effects, contact your physician.” Not bad advice by any means, but before you go through the stress of making the appointment, three hours in a waiting room, a hefty co-pay, and two or three prescription medications, there are a lot of things you can do on your own to bring your cortisol levels under control. Here’s a few to get you started:
⦁ Get your diet under control. Cut back on all beverages and foods that have caffeine in them. This includes not only coffee, but soft drinks, energy drinks, tea, and chocolate. Caffeine causes spiking of cortisol levels. While you do not need to cut out caffeine entirely, it’s a good idea to use caffeine judiciously.
⦁ Reduce processed foods, simple sugars, and carbohydrates. These cause a spike in cortisol levels, increase blood sugar, and cause you to feel anxious. Anxious feelings and thoughts promote increase cortisol to prepare you for the perceived disaster. Try to avoid white bread, pasta, white rice, and pastry products. When you do indulge, lean towards whole wheat.
⦁ Keep yourself hydrated by drinking lots of pure water. Dehydration causes spikes in cortisol, as waterdehydration leads to stress and stress leads to higher cortisol levels. No need for all those funky, expensive flavored waters unless you prefer them. Regular tap water works fine. Just try to consume 1 ounce of water for every 2 pounds of your body weight.
⦁ Use fish oil regularly. Fish oil has been linked to moderate levels of cortisol as well as with a host of other beneficial results. If you prefer real food to supplements, lean towards salmon, mackerel, sea bass, and sardines. Fish oil has been shown to aid with brain functioning and reduced levels of inflammation. It is one of the cheapest and least invasive things you can do for good health.
⦁ Learned to meditate in some fashion. Just learning to sit quietly, focusing on your breath, for 10 to 20 minutes per day can bring down stress and cortisol levels dramatically. There doesn’t have to be anything mystical, magical, or religious about it. Just find the time and a place to sit quietly each day. If you find it difficult, try doing it outside as often as possible. Meditation is an acquired taste, but well worth the time and effort.
⦁ Exercise, exercise, exercise! Yeah, you knew what was going to get around this eventually. Exercise does not have to be intense or painful, but it must be absorbing and done consistently. Some exercises are much better than others for lowering cortisol levels. Yoga, tai chi, and Pilates, for example, are better for lowering stress than intense cardio or weight training. While cardio and resistance training are necessary for a complete program, a simple stretching routine and a little bit of walking on your off days will do the trick in lowering your cortisol and stress levels. Don’t under estimate little things like parking your car a quarter of a mile from your destination, a brief 10 minute walk at lunch, or a few minutes of yard work.
⦁ Laugh, smile, and hug when appropriate. All three of these activities drastically reduce cortisol. They dalai-lama-laughare your physiology’s “proof” that everything is okay, if not now, at least soon. Find ways to do all three.

Cortisol is a powerful, internally produced, necessary drug that we need for survival. Learn to control your cortisol levels or your levels will control you. It is estimated that as much as 70% of primary care physician visits in the United States are due to stress related illnesses. Before you sit in that waiting room, try some of the solutions suggested here for at least 30 days and see how you feel. Be consistent and you will find that you feel the difference. While you may not become the Dalai Lama, I’m sure you’ll feel a lot better.


P. S. Contact me if interested in online mindbody coaching or cognitive behavioral therapy. Please check out my author’s page at amazon.com/author/johnsannicandro or using the Amazon link on this page. Follow me on Facebook, Twitter, and social media. Email me at john@mindbodycoach.org.

George Carlin, Michelangelo, And The Pursuit Of Stuff

Michelangelo Buonarroti, the great sculptor, artist, and engineer of the 15th century remains to this day indexone of history’s greatest talents. Legend has it that an admirer, after viewing his sculpture of David, asked him in awe how he had done it. Michelangelo allegedly replied, “David was always there in the marble. I just took away everything that was not David.” Whether this conversation took place and not is not the point of this article. Maybe we can learn an important lesson about that chunk of marble which is our own life.

Minimalism is a lifestyle choice that some have chosen as a reaction to the materialism of post World War II American life. Baby boomers and their children have enjoyed incredible opportunities for the accumulation of wealth, possession, tools, and utensils of all varieties. Middle-class Americans and even lower middle-class Americans are able to accumulate incredible amounts of what comedian George Carlin would call “stuff.” Here’s his take on our fascination with accumulation:

Initially, it may be hard to see what Michelangelo and George Carlin have in common. Upon further examination, you may notice that they are giving us the same advice. Perhaps we can lead a healthier, happier, and more fulfilling life if we prioritize what is essential is important to us. Many of us spend far too much of our waking hours doing things we don’t like to accumulate stuff that we are led to believe that we need in order to be happy. A lot of stuff that we own we have used a handful of times, maybe two or three times per year, and store way somewhere in our homes. If you are honest, you probably have a jigsaw, coffee grinder, sledgehammer, breadmaker, or some reasonable facsimile collecting dust somewhere in your living quarters. While the product may be top-quality, do you really need it? And, more importantly, would you be better off if you had less stuff to worry about?

Minimalism is a radical approach that some have taken where they strip away the nonessential possessions, tools, and artifacts to simplify lifestyle. For some, it is almost a countercultural pursuit, analogous to the Hippie movement of the late 1960s. While there’s no need to join a commune, stop bathing, and smoke a bunch of weed to be happier, there may be some mental health benefits from paring down some of the stuff that has become a burden to your life.

Here are some of the benefits of incorporating a minimalist attitude toward your lifestyle:
1. You’ll spend less money. If you’ve ever had a yard sale and walked away with a few hundred dollars, then you are acutely aware of the monetary value that your useless stuff can have. You’re also probably very aware of that exhilarating feeling you get when a lot of your junk is removed from your life. One person’s junk is truly another person’s treasure.
2. You’ll have less stress and day-to-day living becomes easier. No need to store, maintain, clean and dust around a lot of useless stuff. Living simply means less stress.
3. More freedom. By having less and wanting less you free your mind from desire. Think about how often an advertisement on TV makes you initially say to yourself , “Wow, I’d love to have one of those.” Next time you have that thought, ask yourself some probing questions. Maybe Janis Joplin was right when she said, “Freedom’s just another word for nothing left to lose.”
4. More available time. The pursuit of and maintenance of stuff is time-consuming. Most of us complain on a daily basis that, “I don’t have time for _______________.” You can fill in the blank with your own personal excuse. Less stuff = more available time, and coincidently, less excuses.
5. Improved quality of the stuff that you do own. By spending less in total costs for a whole lot of stuff that you don’t use, you are freeing up available cash for better quality stuff that you will use. Minimalism doesn’t mean that you go without. It does mean that you go with what is essential.
6. Minimalism is the ultimate in Going Green. If the environment is important to you, then the basic premises of minimalism should make clear sense to you.
7. Minimalism can lead to a better sense of self-esteem. Most people who suffer from self-esteem problems do so because they are comparing themselves, unfavorably, to others. As adolescents, they begin to compare themselves, unfavorably, to others with regard to attractiveness, grades, athletic abilities, and talents. As adults, these same people begin to compare themselves unfavorably to others with regard to material possessions. Once a person can wrap their mind around the the idea that self-worth does not come from material possessions, self-esteem becomes less of an issue.

No one’s advocating that you give up creature comforts and live in a tent in your backyard. It’s probably10593207_10204991268168534_138724077173579226_n safe to assume, however, that you have accumulated, over the course of your life, a lot of stuff that upon further examination is just that, a lot of stuff. Take a look at that chunk of marble that is your life and try to find what’s really there. As Bruce Lee said, “It’s not the daily increase but the daily decrease. Hack away at the unessential.” Chip away, removing a little from here, take away a little from there, and see what emerges. Maybe focusing on who you are, as opposed to what you have, will become what you’ve been pursuing all along.

P. S. Contact me if interested in mindbody coaching or online cognitive behavioral therapy. Please check out my author’s page at amazon.com/author/johnsannicandro or using the Amazon link on this page. Follow me on Facebook, Twitter, and social media. Email me at john@mindbodycoach.org.

Media Madness And TMI

“All media exist to invest in our lives with arbitrary perceptions and arbitrary values.”-Marshall McLuhan

The year 2014 is entering its final phase. Autumn is here, and winter will soon be upon us. Once again,pc-140906-ebola-liberia-mn-1050_f3a0febfd3e2fd689b919385c5d00a81  the media and news sources are informing us of all the things we should be aware of, worried about, prepared for, and afraid of. It often seems that this time of year is the only time that the Center for Disease Control does any work or research. The latest perseveration is focused on the Ebola virus and the onset of flu season. Media experts would argue that they are merely informing the American public to take caution, use good judgment, and stay healthy. On the surface, this seems plausible. However, as someone who works in the field of mental health, I can also see another side.

“We become what we behold. We shape our tools and then our tools shape us.”-Marshall McLuhan

Tv-Violence2It’s a basic principle of the human mind to see what it looks for. The human brain is wired towards recognition of evidence that confirms what we already believe. It’s a way that we navigate the world and maintain our sanity. Much of what 21st century people believe is influenced and shaped by others and has very little to do with our own, personal experience. Most of us have very strong opinions on politics, sports, medicine, and entertainment that are largely influenced by people we have never met, and things that we have never experienced. We have the perception that we are in the loop on a lot of these things, because we have instant access to almost anything going on, anywhere on the planet, at any time. We believe we are being educated and informed, creating a perception that we are intelligent, aware, and living life fully. Are we? Or are we being negatively influenced by sensationalism in order to keep us tuned in?

“Television is the opium of the people.”-Edward R Murrow

The fact is that, while a secondary goal of the media is to inform and educate, the primary goal is to sell products and make money. Advertising drives the media. In order to keep us tuned in, media outlets use what is called the “teaser,” which keeps us watching over a longer period of time. You’ve seen it and heard it, “What are the chances of the Ebola virus appearing here? We’ll have the details tonight at 11.” Statements like this one are designed purposely to rent space in your head and get you to stay up till 11 to find out. Since people tend to focus on negative stories such as this one, media experts know that a teaser like this works well. As humans, our survival instinct tells us that we need to be prepared for potential catastrophes. In the 21st century, the media tells us what those catastrophes are. Is it any wonder why stress related illnesses and sales of anti-anxiety medications are at an all-time high?

“In the future, everyone will be famous for 15 minutes.”-Andy Warhol

In 1968, when Andy Warhol made this often quoted statement, this seemed implausible. In 2014 it is entirely possible. The Internet has made it possible for anyone, anyplace in the world, to become famous for 15 minutes or even more. And, if you can’t be world famous, you can become famous among your 453 Facebook friends, and all of their friends, and their friends friends, and so on. While social media has tremendous opportunity to bring people together, it also has greater potential to do the opposite. (See http://mindbodycoach.org/?p=1187) Unintelligent use of contemporary technology has the potential to leave people more isolated, anxious, and fearful than perhaps at any time in man’s history.

The facts are, if you believe in statistical analysis, that we are living in the safest time in all of human history. Here are some facts:
Fewer people are dying young, and people are living longer. In 1950 the average age of death worldwide was 47. In 2013 it was 70.
The standard of living, worldwide, has increased by all major indicators over the last 20 years.
People, worldwide, in many research studies, are reporting greater senses of happiness and life satisfaction than at any other time in human history.
War is becoming less frequent, and less deadly. While this doesn’t make sense to many of us, it is statistically true. I often recall the quote that Nazi mass murderer, Adolph Eichman, made in 1960, “When you kill one person, it’s a tragedy. When you kill 1 million, it’s a statistic.”
Rates of murders and violent crimes have declined markedly since the year 2000.
Discrimination, in the form of racism, sexism, homophobia, and ageism has declined drastically. Studies show that most people consider these issues to be of importance to them, not only in the United States, but worldwide.

Whether you find these statistics comforting or not is irrelevant. While it is important for all of us to remain informed and aware, we must also be cognizant of the fact that there is a tendency of the news media toward sensationalism and trying to create an emotional reaction. To get the audience more deeply involved they must emphasize the negative aspects of the story, no matter how low or risky. News outlets are literally competing with thousands of other sources of information, and their goal is to get you to tune in to them exclusively. Gone are the days when a newscaster told you facts and relayed information. Today, they must move you emotionally, entertain you, and hold your attention. As the Eagles said years ago, “Get the widow on a set, give us dirty laundry.”

The negative impact of this brand of journalism is a population walking around in a heightened state of anxiety, worried about things out of their control, waiting for the next media inspired disaster. Make no mistake about it, we must be informed and aware. There can be a healthier, more logical, middleground:
Limit the amount of television news that you watch each day. Don’t fall for the “teaser.” Decide what imagesnews stories are important to you and read about them on the Internet and in print journalism. Studies show that print journalism provides more memorable information with less emotional involvement. Those who get most of their news from television are bombarded with the same story over and over again, imprinting negative images on the brain. Those who read their news tend to view situations more rationally and less emotionally, clearly a better choice.
Rely more on radio news and commentary. Unless you are adamantly liberal or conservative, use talk radio judiciously. Talk radio tends toward the same sensationalism that television does. Listening is fine, but just be aware that there is probably a particular political slant of the programs that you are listening to.
Try listening to 30 minutes of radio news, decide what stories are of interest, and read about them. No need to go to a library, or even by a newspaper or magazine. Everything you need to know is available in print, on the Internet.
Use the Internet for information, doing your own research and formulating your own opinions. Not only is this likely to give you a more rational outlook on the world, it’s good for brain health. Keep in mind that there is more to the Internet than Facebook, social media, and celebrity gossip. Certainly these things are not bad for you, but a steady diet of this is definitely mind numbing.
Question the information that you get from the media. As young people, we are told to “Question authority.” It’s probably a better idea to “Question the media.” Just because we heard it on the news or read it in print doesn’t mean that it is true. Do your own research, find out for yourself.

Careful use of technology has the potential to make us more connected to our world and other people than ever before. The world of the 21st century is potentially that Global Village that many talked about 20 years ago. Pay attention to what you choose to focus on, as that will become your view of reality. Seek to balance your need to be informed with your need to know the truth.

P. S. Contact me if interested in mindbody coaching or online cognitive behavioral therapy. Please check out my author’s page at amazon.com/author/johnsannicandro or using the Amazon link on this page. Follow me on Facebook, Twitter, and social media. Email me at john@mindbodycoach.org.

The Power Of Pets

“Until one has loved an animal, a part of one’s soul remains unawakened.”-Anatole France

I have been a practicing counselor and psychotherapist for almost 20 years and I have a confession toindex make about my profession: some of the best therapists I know have never been to college, never read a book about theories, counseling technique, or diagnostics. They often drool, sometimes fall asleep during sessions, and occasionally make over the top demands. They violate professional boundaries, giving inappropriate hugs, kisses, and even an occasional lick on the face. Yep, you guessed it, they’re pets.

If you own a pet of any type, then you are probably well aware of the immediate benefit and joy of pet ownership. You know what it’s like to have a day from hell and be greeted lovingly and non-judgmentally at the door by a wagging tail or a purring, unofficial greeter. You also know how quickly this daily ritual can turn around your mood. Homer, returning home from the Trojan Wars never had it so good. What you may not be aware of is the benefit that your best friend can provide to your physical and emotional health.

Increases in health costs over the past 30 years have resulted in numerous studies designed to increase awareness of the more inexpensive ways to maintain health. Studies have shown that one of the most cost-effective things that one can do for health maintenance is to own a pet. Consider some of the following examples:
Psychologists at the University of Miami have found that pet owners are more conscientious, more social, enjoy better self esteem, and have healthier inter-personal relationships.
One study found that dog owners are 54% more likely to get their recommended amount of weekly exercise than people who don’t own dogs. They also find that kids are more likely to be physically active if there is a dog in the home.
A study of New York City stockbrokers found that adopting a dog or cat brought down blood pressure levels better than medication.
A university study done in Sweden showed interaction with pets led to a reduction in heart rate and the stress hormone cortisol.
Another study found the act of playing with a pet can elevate levels of serotonin and dopamine, two hormones that help regulate depression and motivation.
Pet owners tend to have lower levels of cholesterol and triglycerides, factors in the development of heart disease.
Heart attack patients who own pets survive longer than those without.
Pet owners over the age of 65 make 30% fewer visits to the doctors than those without pets.

While studies consistently show that people who own dogs enjoy the greatest health benefits, a therapeutic pet doesn’t necessarily need to be a dog or a cat. Any living creature that you interact with can give you health benefits. Even watching fish in an aquarium can help reduce tension and lower heart rates. (Remember Bill Murray’s pet fish Gill in the movie “What About Bob?” There is a reason that your dentist has that cool aquarium in the waiting room.) Many nursing homes have programs where various types of “therapy animals” are brought in for residents to connect and interact with. The physical contact with a dog or cat in particular have been proven to lower levels of depression and increase levels of oxytocin, and important hormone in happiness and feelings of connectedness.

If you’re one of those parents who has been hesitant to get a dog or a cat for your kids consider the indexfollowing:
Kids who own dogs and cats are more empathetic than those who live with just one or the other, or neither.
College students who live with a dog or cat are less lonely and depressed than those without either.
The University of Wisconsin-Madison found that children growing up in homes with dogs and cats are at significantly lower risk of developing allergies or asthma.

Dogs were shown to be one of the best ways to attract a date in a study conducted by Emory University in Atlanta. Researchers found that dogs are natural conversation starters and can help people who have social anxiety connect with members of the opposite sex. The dog can be the reason that conversation gets initiated, a reason for both to meet at the same place regularly, and enables prospective partners to witness how their prospect interacts with a living being.

I could go on and on with the health benefits that pets provide, but there’s no need to. We also, if we are looking for them, can learn some life lessons from our four-legged teachers. Consider the following boss attentiveexample which happens to me at least four or five times per year:
I wake up early in the morning to the sound of rain pinging off my bedroom window. I suddenly realize that the windows of my car or truck are wide open. Despite the fact that the damage has been done, I decide to run outside and close them. My dog, a four year old boxer named Boss, without hesitation or consideration for himself, decides to run outside with me. That’s what he does. Anywhere I go is good enough for him. We run back into the house, both soaking wet, of course he has to shake off and the walls and I get a secondary shower. I yell at him, he looks at me with those questioning eyes, shrugs it off, spins around in a few circles, and lays on his rug. I go off to work sitting in a wet car, day ruined. He forgot about it somewhere during his second rotation before he plopped down on the rug. So who’s the idiot here?

If you have a pet already, pay attention to the benefits that you receive every day from having one. If you don’t have one, consider getting one of some type. Adopting a rescue dog or cat, buying a puppy or kitten, or even getting reptiles or fish will enrich your life in countless ways. Research shows that unconditional love and acceptance is the most healing of all medicines.

P. S. Contact me if interested in mindbody coaching or online cognitive behavioral therapy. Please check out my author’s page at amazon.com/author/johnsannicandro or using the Amazon link on this page. Follow me on Facebook, Twitter, and social media. Email me at john@mindbodycoach.org.

Taming The Monkey Mind

“Just as a monkey swinging through the trees grabs one branch and lets it go only to seize another, so too, that which is called thought, mind or consciousness arises and disappears continually both day and night.”- Buddha

The title of this article and the quote above are not meant to be merely humorous. It is, however, rather imagesironic that a guy who live in the fifth century BC described the human mind perfectly for those of us who live in the 21st century. He used the monkey as a metaphor for the way that a troubled mind processes things and functions. He often describes the mind as being filled with drunken monkeys jumping from branch to branch, screeching, and endlessly chattering and carrying on. I’m sure this analogy makes a lot of sense to you. One can only imagine the metaphor that this 5th century BC philosopher would use if he were alive today.

Over the last 2,600 or so years, this statement by Buddha has been reviewed, interpreted, and analyzed. Contemporary Buddhism contends that the monkey mind is a product of the human ego. Not ego merely in the sense of pride or narcissism, but in the sense of self deprecation as well. The human ego, if there is such a thing, is usually bad. People with an “over inflated ego” think they more important than they really are. We all know them, the “hey, look at me,” type that work the room at every social event we go to. They shake hands and back slap with everybody, kiss and hug every member of the opposite sex, and mail you those obnoxious Christmas cards where they send you a three-page newsletter about how great their family is doing. Pretty gregarious stuff for someone that you see once a year. There is, however, another way that ego gets in the way of serenity. Some people believe that they are responsible for everything bad that happens around them. It’s that they carry a “what did I do wrong, it’s my fault, I’m not good enough, smart enough…,” mindset that sets them up for misery. While it looks different from your backslapping buddy at the New Year’s Eve party, it is a variation of the same thing, an over developed ego.

If you’re with me so far, or are a regular reader of this blog, you are probably quite aware of the role that thoughts play in creating our life’s reality. Most, if not all, of our views of life are because of the meaning imagesthat we attach to them. Many of us know this, but still struggle with the episode of Wild Kingdom that we carry around inside our heads. Recognition of this internal primate cage is the first step in taming the troop. Consider some of the following examples:
Your phone rings at 6:30 AM on Saturday morning. What do you say to yourself immediately?
Your boss greets you, first thing in the morning at work, and says,”We have to talk this afternoon.” What’s the rest of your day like?
You open your mailbox and there is a letter there from the IRS. What’s the feeling in your chest at that moment?
Your 10-year-old car has to pass the state inspection. What’s the monkey telling you as the mechanic drives your car into the garage?

Yeah, I know, each of the above statements makes you feel like you are hiding in a wagon, covered with hay, trying to flee Nazi Germany. Most of us have been there. Most of us can relate to Buddha’s analogy of mind as monkey. So, how we bring those monkeys under control?

Here’s some practical, how to strategies, to implement into your daily life that have been proven to help:
1. Become an observer to your own life. By that I mean learned to view what’s happening from a third person perspective, observing your own reactions without judgment or labels. Notice the words that you say to yourself about these events. For example, is the traffic really “awful,” or is it only going to make you three minutes late for work? Notice the impact that your internal judgments and evaluations have on your perception of events. You’ll often find that these events are what you tell yourself they are. Also consult Therapies from the Categories section to the right of this blog post. (See also http://mindbodycoach.org/?p=936 for more on the observer strategy)
2. Be careful of what you pay attention to. The human brain is wired towards pattern recognition, so we tend to notice what we look for. In other words, what we focus on becomes our reality. Noticing the good in situations creates an entirely different reality for us. Notice things that create an attitude of gratitude and focus on those. Sounds simplistic, but compiling a daily gratitude list of three different things, no matter what they are, over a 30 day period can lead to a profound change in one’s outlook on life. (See also http://mindbodycoach.org/?p=742)
3. Exercise daily. While you don’t have to overdo it, a little enjoyable physical activity each day can Karate-Chimpground you, slow the world down, and engross you in your physical body. Any activity will do, but you may find that mind-body activities such as a yoga, dance, tai chi, or martial arts are best. Anything where you have to think before moving tends to give the result that we are looking for here.
4. Learn to breathe correctly. A few minutes every day engaging in the practice of deep breathing slows down your thinking significantly. Focus on the breath in a circular manner, breathing easily on the inhale and just a little more forcefully on the exhale. The goal is not to hyperventilate, but to calm. Over time, the breathing will become more localized in your abdomen, rather than in your chest. Placing your hands, folded, over your abdomen will give you feedback. Proper breathing is not New Age nonsense, up to 70% of the body’s waste is eliminated through the respiratory system. Some of this waste can be negative thinking.
5. Learned to meditate. There are numerous ways that one can attain the relaxation response that we refer to as meditation. The breathing activities outlined in number 4 above qualify as meditation. Starting with an awareness of breath focus, 2 to 3 times per day, for as little as five minutes will bring the response that you are looking for. If you want to plunge into meditation more deeply, there are literally hundreds of YouTube videos, MP3s, and iPhone apps that can walk you through the process. Find something that resonates with you online and commit to it over the next 30 days to get started.

Be patient with your monkey mind. Realize that it will always be there to some degree, as it is part of being human. Your goal is to put those monkeys in the cage and continue to function effectively when they get out of control.

P. S. Books from mindbodycoach.org are available in the search box located to the rights of this post. Please check out my author’s page at amazon.com/author/johnsannicandro. Follow me on Facebook, Twitter, and other social media. Email me at john@mindbodycoach.org.

No Reason to be SAD

“Winter is not a season, it’s an occupation.” – Sinclair Lewis

Winter and seasonal change is one of those things that people are rarely neutral about. More often thanindex not, people either love it or hate it. For many of us, this time of year means a little more work and a little more preparation. We’ll soon be raking leaves, putting away our summer toys, and preparing for the cold season just like squirrels, birds, and the rest of the animal world. In a few months, we will be shoveling snow, Christmas shopping, and enjoying the holiday season with our loved ones.

For others, the onset of winter brings with it a unique type of mood disorder that has become known as seasonal affective disorder, or SAD. People who have seasonal affective disorder enjoy normal mental health throughout the year, but experience depressive symptoms in the winter. Once thought to be coincidental, seasonal affective disorder is now referred to in psychiatry as,”depression with a seasonal pattern.” While the seasonal pattern can be for any of the four seasons, it’s far more likely to occur in the winter months. Studies indicate that it is statistically significant. As few as 1.4% of Florida residents experience it, and as many as 9.7% of New Hampshire residents. Those suffering from seasonal affective disorder are likely to experience a serious change in mood, sleep too much, have little energy, and feel depressed. Those suffering from the disorder during summer usually have symptoms accompanied by anxiety. The symptoms can be severe, but they usually clear up as the seasons change.

imagesThe origins of seasonal affective disorder lie within human evolution. It is believed to be a remnant of the days when humans hunkered down for the winter, conserving energy through decreased activity and longer periods of sleep. These behaviors would be a reaction to food shortages, as decreased activity meant less calories needed and less food required. Evolutionary psychologists believe that seasonal affective disorder is an evolved adaptation of this hibernation response. Since more women suffer from seasonal affective disorder than men, it is also presumed that the response somehow regulates reproduction.

Most adults are aware if they suffer from seasonal affective disorder. Even if the symptoms are not severe enough to be labeled a “disorder,” many can identify with the seasonal changes in mood and physiology that occur from October to March. Most people assume that these feelings are “just something I have to deal with each year,” and do little to combat them. Whether your symptoms are severe or not, there’s a lot you can do to make winter more enjoyable and more productive.

Here are some suggestions of lifestyle changes that can make seasonal change less impactful on you:
1. Remember that seasonal affective disorder is, first and foremost, physiological rather than psychological. Your body is reacting to seasonal change. You may have negative thinking patterns and negative expectations that have developed over the years that contribute to the low mood, but it is primarily physical.
2. Get as much sunlight as possible. Seasonal depression tends to set in most profoundly when the clocks change in late October. Most who have it complain of “getting up in the dark, going to work, and coming home in the dark.” Sunlight has a positive effect on mood. Bundling up and going for a walk during midday,or opening the window shades and sun roof on your car can have a positive impact. Try to find as many ways as possible to be exposed to sunlight. If your symptoms are very severe, ask your doctor about a Light Box and Light Therapy. Also consider keeping more artificial lights on in your house.
3. Keep a consistent routine. If you do well on eight hours of sleep the rest of the year, then don’t bump your hours up to nine just because you’re bored. Too much sleep can be as bad for your mood as too little during the winter months. Little things like making your bed, doing dishes immediately after eating, shaving, showering, and brushing teeth at regular times are simple and effective ways to cope.
4. Pay attention to your diet. If you get by most of the year on 2200 calories, then eating 3000 makes no sense. Avoid the natural tendency to consume more sugars and carbohydrates as a result of the cold. Increase the amount of protein and water that you consume, and be careful of your alcohol consumption. Try to eat at regular times.
5. Stay connected to supportive family and friends. Have planned activities with your tribe that you look forward to. If possible, avoid people that bring you down. The trifecta of Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New Year’s doesn’t mean that you have to be surrounded by negativity and negative people. It’s okay to refuse some of those holiday invitations. Plan carefully who you spend your time with, but be sure to spend it with people.
6. Exercise, exercise, exercise! By this I don’t mean to increase your exercise, just be sure to do it imagesregularly. Tracking your workouts, on paper, is more likely to keep you on a regular exercise regimen. If at all possible, do some of your exercise outside in the sun and fresh air. Exercise has been proven to be, by far, the most effective behavior that one can engage in to fight all types of depression.
7. Seek to develop coping skills. Although you may not necessarily suffer from debilitating depression, virtually everybody can benefit from having coping skills for low moods. Use the Categories link on this page and search the Therapies and Motivation sections for more useful information. If your symptoms become overwhelming, consult an expert.

Although you may not enjoy winter the way you did when you were a kid, there’s a lot that you can do to make it more bearable. Follow these suggestions and plan ahead. It can be one of the most enjoyable times of year regardless of where you live.

“If winter comes, can spring be far behind?”-Percy Bysshe Shelley

P. S. Contact me if interested in mindbody coaching or online cognitive behavioral therapy. Please check out my author’s page at amazon.com/author/johnsannicandro or using the Amazon link on this page. Follow me on Facebook, Twitter, and social media. Email me at john@mindbodycoach.org.

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